team has a maximum of 16 players, fielding 11 players,
including a goalkeeper, at one time. The object of the
game is to outscore your opponent over two 35-minute
halves with 10 minutes break in the middle, making the
actual time span 35-10-35. The only time attacking
players can score a goal is when they are in the goal
circle (also known as striking or shooting circle), a
D-shaped area 14.6 meters from each goal. Centre passes
start each half and after each goal, with the team
scored upon taking control. The player stands on the
center spot and passes to a teammate at least one meter
away. A coin toss determines who will take first
possession, the other team starts the second half.

Field Hockey Positions
There are four positions in field hockey: forwards,
defenders, midfielders and goalkeepers. Forwards are the
offensive players who attempt to score goals and the
defenders protect their net. Midfielders, as in soccer,
are the link between defenders and forwards. They also
can play a checking role, as they try to clog the middle
of the field. The goalkeeper is the last line of defence
on the pitch.

Despite a renewed emphasis on scoring, games can be very
defensive with attackers struggling to break free of
defenders. Players patrol the pitch looking for open
space to break free on offense while players try to
maintain close proximity on the defensive side. The top
nations in field hockey usually possess one or two
game-breakers: superbly talented players who can make
the difference by using their speed to find open space
and take full advantage of the rare chances to score.
Capitalizing on penalty corners and penalties can also
profoundly affect the outcome. Teams that can
consistently cash in on these scoring opportunities give
themselves a strong chance for victory.

Field Hockey Physiology
Field hockey players tend to be slim and are built for
endurance and speed. Superb hand-eye coordination for
ball-handling skills is necessary, as is great agility
for maneuvering around opponents and ball striking

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